The Causes and Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal Cell Carcinoma is a type of skin cancer which needs to be treated by a trained professional in order to avert potentially serious effects in the future. Some of the most common causes of this condition include:
• Childhood sun burn
• Light skin, eye and hair colour (skin that burns easily and rarely tans)
• Genetic predisposition
• Low Immunity
There are also some symptoms which could indicate that a problem is present:
• A pink or pearly white bump.
• A blue, black or brown lesion.
• A reddish or scaly patch.
• A scar-like abnormality with no clearly defined borders.
What are some Basal Cell Carcinoma treatment options that may be employed?
How Will UK Dermatologist Treat Basal Cell Carcinoma?
Upon successful diagnosis, which may be based on clinical examination or a skin biopsy, Dr Madan will discuss the best course of action for treating the Basal Cell Carcinoma. This will depend upon, the nature of Basal Cell Carcinoma, its size and location and patient preference. Some of the techniques used to treat Basal Cell Carcinoma include;
This procedure is most commonly used for carcinomas that are smaller in size and are superficial in nature, present on trunk or limbs. Electrodesiccation involves drying out the affected area using an electric current and then scraping or curetting the lesion.
This refers to surgically removing the Basal Cell Carcinoma by ‘cutting’ the Basal Cell Carcinoma with 3-4 mm normal skin margin. This is again suitable for thicker, well defined nodular Basal Cell Carcinomas on trunk and limbs. The skin will then be stitched up and allowed to heal. The sample is thereafter sent off to a laboratory for further analysis. In the event that the carcinoma is found to be cancerous, a further excision may be required.
Also known as Mohs micrographic surgery, this Basal Cell Carcinoma treatment is associated with the highest rate of effectiveness and it is particularly useful for larger tumors, and for Basal Cell Carcinoma on the face, head and neck especially those around the nose, ears or eyes, lips. Mohs surgery is also employed in the event that a previous carcinoma has returned or recurred following previous treatments.
This is an excellent treatment for superficial Basal Cell Carcinomas and small nodular Basal Cell Carcinomas. A special cream called Metvix is applied to the skin and 3 hours later an intense red light is shown to the area. This results in destruction of cancerous cells. PDT offers best cosmetic outcomes for superficial Basal Cell Carcinomas.
So in summary, any kind of Basal Cell Carcinoma can be treated with excellent success. Dr Madan does not employ substandard treatments such as cryotherapy for lesions on head and neck or trunk as many better approaches are now available.
The good news is that modern approaches available to Dr Mdaan have vastly increased the chances of enjoying a full recovery. Would you like to be screened for skin cancers or do you have any additional questions? If so, please book an appointment with UK Dermatologist.